Man O War Shoal Marine Park

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

f - Impacts and threats affecting the area

Impacts and threats within the area


Impact and threats level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing significant decrease increase Panulirus argus Lutjanus campechanus Ocyurus chrysurus Strombus gigas Acanthocybium solandri Coryphaena hippurus Thunnus sp. Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Although artesanal in Nature, fishing still poses a significant threat.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism significant increase increase All within MPA Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Pressures from the diving industry, particularly cruise tourism continue to affect the ecosystem.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited unknown unknown N/A
Increased population significant increase increase All within MPA Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Increased population will in turn result in increased pressure on the MPA due to overfishing and land based sources of stress.
Invasive alien species significant increase increase Labridae,Panulirus argus Lutjanus campechanus, Scaridae, Pomacentridae, and various other Spp. Coral Reef The introduction of the invasive lionfish has already had a negative effect on the population of fish species within the MPA.
Pollution significant increase increase All within MPA Coral Reef, Seagrass Land sources of pollution will increase and the negative effects on the ecosystem will continue.
Other limited unknown unknown N/A

Impacts and threats around the area


Impact and threats Level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing very important increase increase Panulirus argus Lutjanus campechanus Ocyurus chrysurus Strombus gigas Acanthocybium solandri Coryphaena hippurus Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Although artesanal in Nature, fishing still poses a significant threat
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism significant increase increase Various Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Tourism Pressure is signnificantly on the rise surrounding St. Maarten
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry significant increase increase Various Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean proposed tourism development will increase industry effects on the ecosystem
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited unknown unknown N/A
Increased population very important increase increase Various Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Increased population will in turn result in increased pressure on the marine ecosystem due to overfishing and land based sources of stress
Invasive alien species significant increase increase Labridae,Panulirus argus Lutjanus campechanus, Scaridae, Pomacentridae, and various other Spp. Coral Reef invasive lionfish has already had a negative effect on the population of fish species
Pollution very important increase increase Various Coral Reef, Seagrass, Open Ocean Land sources of pollution will increase and the negative effects on the ecosystem will continue
Other limited unknown unknown N/A