Molinière - Beauséjour MPA

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

f - Impacts and threats affecting the area

Impacts and threats within the area


Impact and threats level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing significant decrease stable Coral Reefs & Seagrass Beds There is tradition fishing methods (i.e. beach seine and Hand-line fishing from the rocks) that are allowed in designated fishing zones within the MPA.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture limited stable decrease Coral Reefs & Seagrass Beds There are small scale farming occurring in the communities that border the MPA and there are sedimentation and eutrophication from clear cutting and improper application of fertilizer.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism significant decrease decrease Coral Reef & Seagrass Beds The area is heavily utilized by tour operates for diving, snorkeling and excursions. The divers and snorkels, if not adequately supervised or due to weather condition (i.e. strong current/surges) sometimes come into contact with the seafloor and break or damage corals etc.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited unknown unknown There are no industries that currently exist with the boundaries of the MPA.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited unknown unknown Coral Reefs There is small scale extraction of wood from the lands within the MPA primarily for use as fuel.
Increased population limited stable stable Coral Reef The is a relatively low population within the boundaries of the MPA; however, there are issue with solid waste disposal.
Invasive alien species significant increase unknown Coral Reefs & Seagrass Beds There are invasive fish (Pterois volitans) and seagrass (Halophila stipulate) the MPA. Both of these species post a significant threat to the native species within the coral reef and seagrass beds.
Pollution limited unknown unknown There are issue of improper solid waste disposal.
Other limited not specified not specified N/A

Impacts and threats around the area


Impact and threats Level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing significant stable stable Coral Reefs & Seagrass Beds The communities adjacent to the MPA are largely dependent on fishing as their primary source of income. The reefs complexes close to the MPA are heavily utilized by spear fishers and hand-liners targeting reef species.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture very important decrease decrease Coral Reef & Seagrass Beds The communities that are adjacent to the MPA and within the Catchment area of the two rivers that empties into the MPA are some of the most important farming communities on the island. The are significant eutrophication of the rivers and as a result the MPA due to improper fertilizer application on these farms. There are also improper land-use practices such as clear cutting that result in significant siltation issues on the reefs and other marine habitats.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism significant stable decrease Coral Reefs The national cruise ship port is within 5km of the MPA therefore it is anticipated that the visitation to the area would increase in coming years as the profile of the mPA continues to grow.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited unknown unknown There are two large fuel depots with 2km of the MPA. There are no impact on the MPA currently; however, in the event of a spill, there could be significant impacts to the natural resources within the MPA.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited unknown unknown Similar to within the MPA, there is limited extraction of wood by member of the community for utilization as fuel. In instances of clear cutting, there are risk of sediment of marine habitats.
Increased population limited stable stable Coral Reefs The population within the communities adjacent to the MPA are the highest on the Island; however, the population is relatively stable. There are issues with improper solid waste disposal and potential impact from septic tank leeching.
Invasive alien species very important increase unknown Coral reef & Seagrass beds. There are invasive fish (Pterois volitans) and seagrass (Halophila stipulate) the MPA. Both of these species post a significant threat to the native species within the coral reef and seagrass beds.
Pollution significant unknown unknown There are issues of solid and industrial waste (e.g. motor oil etc) entering the MPA from improper disposal of this pro ducts into the rivers that empties into or just outside the MPA. There is also a untreated sewage outfall within 5km of the MPA. The sewage is transported into the MPA on some occasions based on prevailing currents.
Other limited not specified not specified N/A