Port Honduras Marine Reserve

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

Flora

Brief description of the main plant assemblages significant or particular in the area:


The dominant vegetation type in Port Honduras Marine Reserve is littoral forests, mangroves and seagrasses. The dominant species on the cayes and majority of the mainland is the Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle). The other species include Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus), White Mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) and Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans). Seagrass beds are located in many of the shallow water areas close to the coastline and surrounding many of the cayes and are mainly of the species Turtle grass (Thalassia testudinum) and Manatee grass (Syringodium filiforme).

 

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex I

List of species in SPAW annex I Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any
Combretaceae: Conocarpus erectus not given Neither population estimates nor are covered have been determined. Habitat mapping not yet completed.
Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme not given Neither population estimates nor are covered have been determined. Habitat mapping not yet completed.
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum not given Neither population estimates nor are covered have been determined. Habitat mapping not yet completed.
Rhizophoraceae: Rhizophora mangle not given Neither population estimates nor are covered have been determined. Habitat mapping not yet completed. Baseline mangrove coverage is due to be determined in 2014-15.
Verbenaceae: Avicennia germinans not given Neither population estimates nor are covered have been determined. Habitat mapping not yet completed.

List of plant species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. UICN red list : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of plant species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any

Fauna

Brief descript° of the main fauna populations and/or those of particular importance present (resident or migratory) in the area:


The Marine Reserve contains assemblages of regionally important ecosystems of importance for several species of global conservation concern, among them the critically endangered staghorn and elkhorn corals (Acropora cervicornis and Acropora palmata), hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara). The area also protects the endangered green and loggerhead turtles (Chelonia mydas and Caretta caretta), and contributes towards the regional viability of important commercial species, including the queen conch (Strombus gigas) and spiny lobster (Panulirus argus). About seventy fish species were caught in the coastal zone of Port Honduras, almost fourty of which had commercial value.  These fish belonged to mostly the snapper (Lutjanidae), grunt (Haemulidae), parrotfish (Scaridae), and mojarra (Gerreidae) families.  The rest are small or non-palatable species that are usually common in seagrass habitats.  These are anchovies (Engraulidae), pipefishes (Synhnathidae), filefishes (Sciaenidae), small wrasses (Labridae), gobies (Gobiidae), and puffers (Tetraodontidae).

 

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex II

List of species in SPAW annex II Estimate of population size Comments if any
Reptiles: Crocodylus acutus not given
Reptiles: Crocodylus moreletii not given
Reptiles: Caretta caretta not given
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas not given
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata not given
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea not given
Mammals: Trichechus manatus not given

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any
Molluscs: Strombus gigas not given Population density of S. gigas has been determined in some habitats but habitats have not been mapped in the MPA, making accurate population estimate impossible at this stage. Habitat mapping has commenced.
Crustaceans: Panulirus argus not given Population density of P. argus has been determined in some habitats but habitats have not been mapped in the MPA, making accurate population estimate impossible at this stage. Habitat mapping has commenced.
Mammals: Eira barbara not given

List of animal species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. IUCN Red List : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Male and female: Eretmochelys imbricata CR - Critically endangered not given
Male and female: Dermochelys coriacea VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Caretta caretta EN - Endangered not given
Male and female: Chelonia mydas EN - Endangered not given
Male and female: Trichechus manatus VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Crocodylus acutus VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Epinephelus itajara CR - Critically endangered not given Tagged E. itajara from Port Honduras Marine Reserve have been found as far away as Mexico and Honduras.
Male and female: Acropora cervicornis CR - Critically endangered not given
Male and female: Acropora palmata CR - Critically endangered not given
Male and female: Epinephelus striatus EN - Endangered not given
Male and female: Montastraea annularis EN - Endangered not given
Male and female: Montastraea faveolata EN - Endangered not given
Male and female: Scarus guacamaia VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Balistes vetula VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Lachnolaimus maximus VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Lutjanus cyanopterus VU - Vulnerable not given
Male and female: Lutjanus analis VU - Vulnerable not given

List of animal species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any