Quill / Boven National ParkNote: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.
Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION
d - Human population and current activities
Inhabitants inside the area or in the zone of potential direct impact on the protected area:
|Inside the area||In the zone of potential direct impact|
|Inhabitants||not given||not given||3200||not given|
Comments about the previous table:
Description of population, current human uses and development:
The island of St Eustatius is populated by 3200 permanent residents based in the town of Oranjestad with scattered settlements around the town and on main roads.
The Quill / Boven National Park is not subject to any commercial or agricultural development and there are limited extraction activities for subsistence:
- The Black Land Crab (Gecarcinus ruricola) is caught at night time on a periodic basis by residents collected the crab for food. There are no data available but the activity appears to be very infrequent and by a limited number of individuals.
- Subsistence fishermen collect some wood to construct fish traps on the main Quill trail below and around 250m park boundary. The impact on the forest is not apparent.
- Goats roam freely around the island and stray into the Quill sector, and are resident in the Boven sector due to a former long lease for a farm in Venus Bay. Goat owners and poachers visit the park to shoot these goats for food. Tourism is the main activity in the National Park. A network of hiking trails has been established in the Quill sector since 1999 when park operations commenced. Hiking trails were mapped out and construction commenced in the Boven sector in 2008 once the lease arrangement with a farmer for grazing animals in Venus Bay was legally terminated. The National Park is visited by minimum 2000 hikers every year.
|Activities||Current human uses||Possible development||Description / comments, if any|
|Tourism||significant||unknown||2000 hikers p.a. Guided hikes given to approximately 200 hikers p.a. Mainly November - April|
|Forestry||limited||unknown||Subsistence timber local (for fish traps). Year round. Subsistence non-timber local (land crab collection). Year round.|
|Others||not specified||not specified|