Quill / Boven National Park

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Chapter 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Present briefly the proposed area and its principal characteristics, and specify the objectives that motivated its creation :

The Quill / Boven National Park is divided into two sectors on the island of St Eustatius and
shown on the maps in Annex 1:

  • Quill sector (220ha) encompasses the dormant volcano ‘the Quill’ from the 250m altitude contour line upwards and encompassing the entire Quill volcano and including the limestone section termed ‘White Wall and Sugar Loaf’ from the 250m down to the high water mark.
  • Boven sector (320ha) in the North East of the island and encompassing five hills: Boven, Bergje, Venus and Gilboa on government land, and Signal hill within private property of Statia Oil Terminal.

26% (540 hectares) of the terrestrial environment of St. Eustatius is protected, including biologically diverse rainforest, Elfin forest and drought resistant habitats. The Quill/Boven National Park offers some of the best hiking in the Caribbean with views of neighbouring Saba, St Bartholomew and St Kitts through pristine forest which clings to the slopes of the magnificent Quill volcano. The Quill/Boven National Park was established in 1997 to protect the islands natural resources. The National Parks and St Eustatius are a home, migratory stop over or breeding site for 14 IUCN Red List species, 10 CITES Appendix I species and 98 Appendix II species including the endemic plant Statia Morning Glory (Ipomoea sphenophylla) and many others plants and animal species with limited distribution. The Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden attract visitors contributing to income for the 70% of the islands population employed in restaurants, hotels and other services.

 

The Quill sub-sector above 250
metres as well as the inside walls of
the crater and the adjacent southeastern
side of the White Wall/Sugar Loaf an area of
limestone on the South West of The
Quill. The total surface area of is
approximately 220 ha.


The Boven sub-sector includes the
hilly area on the northern side of
the island around the Boven hill,
including Bergje, Venus Bay,
Gilboa hill and Signal Hill. The
total surface area is approximately.
320 ha.

 

 

Explain why the proposed area should be proposed for inclusion in the SPAW list

The Quill / Boven National Park is recognised internationally and was pronounced the first official National Park of the Netherlands Antilles in 1998. The park was created to protect unique biodiversity and ensure sustainable use by all stakeholders. The 5.4km2 covered by the park consists of two sub-sectors - the dormant volcano ‘The Quill’ and the ‘Boven’ area. An additional international recognition is that the Quill and Boven sectors were declared as Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in 2008.

According to you, to which Criteria it conforms (Guidelines and Criteria B Paragraph 2)

Representativeness
Critical habitats

Cultural and socio-economic criterias

Cultural and traditional use