Florida Keys National Marine SanctuaryNote: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.
Chapter 6. MANAGEMENT
f - Clarify if some species/habitats listed in section III are the subject of more management/recovery/protection measures than others
|Marine / costal / terrestrial ecosystems||Management measures||Protection measures||Recovery measures||Comments/description of measures|
|Coral||yes||yes||no||The 1992 amendments to the FKNMSPA (Section 7(a)(4)) are much more specific, calling on the Secretary of Commerce to: • identify priority needs for research and amounts needed to improve management of the Sanctuary, and in particular, the coral reef ecosystem within the Sanctuary; • identify clearly the cause-and-effect relationships between factors threatening the health of the coral reef ecosystem in the Sanctuary; and • establish a long-term ecological monitoring program and database, including methods to disseminate information on the management of the coral reef ecosystem.|
|Sea grass beds||no||no||no|
|Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area||Management measures||Protection measures||Recovery measures||Comments/description of measures|
|Cymodoceaceae: Halodule wrightii||no||no||no|
|Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme||no||no||no|
|Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum||no||no||no|
|Species from SPAW Annex 2 present in your area||Management measures||Protection measures||Recovery measures||Comments/description of measures|
|Gasteropods: Orthalicus reses reses||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Crocodylus acutus||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Eumeces egregius||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Caretta caretta||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Chelonia mydas||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Lepidochelys kempii||no||no||no|
|Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea||no||no||no|
|Birds: Mycteria americana||no||no||no|
|Birds: Haliaeetus leucocephalus||no||no||no|
|Birds: Sterna antillarum antillarum||no||no||no|
|Birds: Sterna dougallii dougallii||no||no||no|
|Birds: Vermivora bachmanii||no||no||no|
|Birds: Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Balaenoptera physalus||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Balaenoptera borealis||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Megaptera novaeangliae||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Eubalaena glacialis||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Physeter macrocephalus||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Trichechus manatus||no||no||no|
|Mammals: Peromyscus gossypinus allopatica||no||no||no|
g - Describe how the protected area is integrated within the country’s larger planning framework (if applicable)
h - Zoning, if applicable, and the basic regulations applied to the zones (attach in Annex a copy of the zoning map)
|Name||Basic regulation applied to the zone|
i - Enforcement measures and policies
Where necessary to prevent or minimize the destruction of, loss of, or injury to a Sanctuary resource or quality, or minimize the imminent risk of such destruction, loss, or injury, any and all activities are subject to immediate temporary regulation, including prohibition. Any such temporary regulation may be in effect for up to 60 days, with one 60-day extension. Additional or extended action will require notice and comment rulemaking under the Administrative Procedure Act, notice in local newspapers, notice to Mariners, and press releases.
(a) Each violation of the NMSA or FKNMSPA, any regulation in this part, or any permit issued pursuant thereto, is subject to a civil penalty of not more than $100,000. Each day of a continuing violation constitutes a separate violation.
(b) Regulations setting forth the procedures governing administrative proceedings for assessment of civil penalties, permit sanctions, and denials for enforcement reasons, issuance and use of written warnings, and release or forfeiture of seized property appear at 15 CFR part 904.
j - International status and dates of designation (e.g. Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Site, Significant Bird Area, etc.)
|International status||Date of designation|
|Significant bird area||no|
|World heritage site (UNESCO)||no|
k - Site’s contribution to local sustainable development measures or related plans
l - Available management resources for the area
|Ressources||How many/how much||Comments/description|
|Human ressources||Permanent staff||59|
|Financial ressources||Present sources of funding||Note if the basic financing is ensured: a core funding for basic staff, protection and information measures. Who provides the core funding? Briefly assess the degree of adequacy of the present financial means for the area, either low, moderate, satisfactory; e.g. the implementation of the management plan, including protection, information, education, training and research. The FKNMS budget is part of the ONMS federal budget allocation within the Department of Commerce’s National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s budget. ONMS budget has been level for a number of years, which has severely slowed implementation of new programs for FKNMS.|
|Sources expected in the future|
|Annual budget (USD)|
Conclusion Describe how the management framework outlined above is adequate to achieve the ecological and socio-economic objectives that were established for the site (Guidelines and Criteria Section C/V).
One of the primary mandates of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act (FKNMSPA) is to educate the public about the marine environment surrounding the Keys. The diverse habitats, resources, and unique setting of the Keys offer opportunities for the interpretation of marine subtropical and temperate environments. Education and outreach strategies in the action plan fall into two general categories: community involvement/community program strategies and product development strategies.
The first group includes education and outreach strategies designed as interactive programs for user groups (e.g., exhibit production, training programs, workshops, school programs, public-involvement forums, and special events). Strategies that result in the development of specific products (i.e., printed materials, audio-visual materials, signs and displays in high-use areas of the Keys, public service announcements, visitor booths/displays etc.) providing a mechanism for public education and outreach are included in the second group. The education and outreach strategies were developed based on input from environmental educators, Sanctuary education staff, user groups, environmental activists, concerned citizens, and thorough public comment received on the draft management plan.