Bonaire National Marine Park

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

f - Impacts and threats affecting the area

Impacts and threats within the area


Impact and threats level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing significant increase increase Assess if the current rates of exploitation of natural resources within the area (sand, water and mineral exploitation, wood gathering, fishing, grazing...) are deemed unsustainable in quality or quantity, and try to quantify these threats, e.g. the percentage of the area under threat, or any known increase in extraction rates.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism significant increase increase N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited unknown unknown N/A
Increased population limited unknown unknown N/A
Invasive alien species very important increase increase The detection of the invasive Indo-Pacific lion fish in October 2009 represents a threat to the marine environment within the Bonaire National Marine Park.
Pollution limited unknown unknown N/A
Other significant unknown unknown Extensive sand mining occurs in some areas of the East coast in a way that is not considered sustainable.

Impacts and threats around the area


Impact and threats Level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing significant unknown unknown Although not at big scale, poaching of conch, fish, and turtle species from a number of locations still takes place. Enforcement takes place.
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited unknown unknown N/A
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited unknown unknown N/A
Increased population significant unknown unknown The current human presence next to the boundaries of the BNMP represents a potential threat.
Invasive alien species limited unknown unknown N/A
Pollution significant unknown unknown Non-point source. Sewage from the human population is the main source of nutrient pollution on Bonaire’s. Sewage makes its way onto Bonaire’s coral reefs through inadequate waste water treatment and use. Sewage is a source of major damage to Bonaire’s coral reefs and a cause of human illness. Terrestrial run-off from Bonaire onto the fringing reef is a source of nutrients, sediments and other pollutants such as hydrocarbons (oil based chemicals), pesticides and herbicides, heavy (poisonous) metals.
Other limited unknown unknown N/A