Bonaire National Marine Park

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

Flora

Brief description of the main plant assemblages significant or particular in the area:


The only land area included in the bonaire National Marine Park is Klein Bonaire which is characterized by sclerophyllous evergreen shrublan.

Other plant assemblages are mangrove forest, and seagrass beds See Appendix 1 for:

  • Klein Bonaire Species List and Shoreline and dunes plants of Bonaire
  • Bonaire Vegetation Map

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex I

List of species in SPAW annex I Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any
Combretaceae: Conocarpus erectus not given
Compositae : Laguncularia racemosa not given
Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme not given
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum not given
Rhizophoraceae: Rhizophora mangle not given
Ruppiaceae: Ruppia maritima not given
Verbenaceae: Avicennia germinans not given

List of plant species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. UICN red list : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Conocarpus : erectus Unknown not given Silver-leaved Buttonwood
Avicennia : germinans Unknown not given Black Mangrove
Laguncularia : racemosa Unknown not given White Mangrove
Rhizophora : mangle Unknown not given Red Mangrove
Ruppia : maritima Unknown not given Beaked Tasselweed
Syringodium : filiforme Unknown not given Species code Sf
Thalassia : testudinum Unknown not given

List of plant species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any

Fauna

Brief descript° of the main fauna populations and/or those of particular importance present (resident or migratory) in the area:


Coral reef.

See Appendix 1 Bonaire Fish Abundance Part I and II – Lac Fish Species and BNMP Species List – Bonaire coral list - pictures.

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex II

List of species in SPAW annex II Estimate of population size Comments if any
Reptiles: Caretta caretta not given
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas not given
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata not given
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea not given

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of animal species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. IUCN Red List : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Rhincodon : typus VU - Vulnerable not given Whale Shark
Sphyrna : mokarran EN - Endangered not given Squat-headed Hammerhead Shark
Epinephelus: itajara CR - Critically endangered not given Atlantic Goliath Grouper
Epinephelus : striatus EN - Endangered not given Nassau Grouper
Balistes : vetula VU - Vulnerable not given Queen Triggerfish
Lachnolaimus : maximus VU - Vulnerable not given Hogfish
Lutjanus : analis VU - Vulnerable not given Mutton Snapper
Lutjanus : cyanopterus VU - Vulnerable not given Canteen Snapper
Mycteroperca : interstitialis VU - Vulnerable not given Yellowmouth Grouper
Scarus : guacamaia Unknown not given Rainbow Parrotfish

List of animal species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any