Seaflower Marine Protected Area

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

Flora

Brief description of the main plant assemblages significant or particular in the area:


The Seaflower MPA features 3 seagrass species and 4 mangrove and associated species; including red, white, black and buttonwood mangroves. Native beach vegetation includes The greatest diversity of marine flora occurs within the algae, with Seaflower supporting at least 163 species. Native beach vegetation includes trees such as sea grape, mahoe, and beach almond; shrubs including sea purslane, bay cedar and sea lavendar; grasses and trailing vines.

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex I

List of species in SPAW annex I Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any
Combretaceae: Conocarpus erectus not given
Compositae : Laguncularia racemosa not given
Cymodoceaceae: Halodule wrightii not given
Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme not given
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum not given
Rhizophoraceae: Rhizophora mangle not given
Verbenaceae: Avicennia germinans not given

List of plant species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. UICN red list : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Syringodium : filiforme Unknown not given
Thalassia: testudinum Unknown not given
Halodule : wrightii Unknown not given
Rhizophora: mangle Unknown not given Red mangrove
Avicennia : germinans Unknown not given Black mangrove
Laguncularia : racemosa Unknown not given White mangrove
Conocarpus: erectus Unknown not given Silver-leaved Buttonwood
Cedrela : odorata VU - Vulnerable not given Spanish Cedar

List of plant species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any

Fauna

Brief descript° of the main fauna populations and/or those of particular importance present (resident or migratory) in the area:


Seaflower MPA contains some of the largest, most productive and diverse coral ecosystems in the region. With respect to scleractinian coral species, Seaflower supports 48 documented species (of approximately 60-70 species known to exist in the Caribbean). There are at least 54 species of octocorals, including 3 black coral species and 11 undescribed species, with possible high endemism. A total of 44 species of octocorals was identified at Old Providence alone, the highest species diversity in the western Caribbean according to Sanchez et al. (1998). The highest gorgonian density in the Colombian Caribbean (up to 22 colonies per m2) was recorded in 2003 at Roncador (Heinemann et al. 2004).

Seaflower has documented just over 300 fish species, of which there is one known endemic fish. A total of 124 sponge species have also been documented. Little research has been conducted on other invertebrates such as molluscs, crustaceans, echinoderms, and tunicates. Of data available, there are at least 2 zoanthid species, 2 anemone species, 3 sea jelly species, 17 echinoderm species, 23 crustacean species, 28 mollusc species, 1 tunicate species and 5 annelid species. The mangroves are home to an endemic mud turtle, and beaches provide nesting sites for 4 marine turtle species.

The Seaflower Biosphere Reserve (which includes the Seaflower MPA) has been classified a secondary Endemic Bird Area and declared an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. Of the 155 total bird species, 21 are classified as shorebirds and 22 as seabirds (see Annex 4).

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex II

List of species in SPAW annex II Estimate of population size Comments if any
Reptiles: Caretta caretta not given Loggerhead
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas not given Green Turtle
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata not given Hawksbill Turtle
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea not given Leatherback
Birds: Puffinus lherminieri not given
Birds: Falco peregrinus not given Peregrine Falcon
Birds: Sterna antillarum antillarum not given Least Tern
Mammals: Stenella attenuata not given Pantropical Spotted Dolphin
Mammals: Tursiops truncatus not given Common Bottlenose Dolphin

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any
Molluscs: Strombus gigas not given
Crustaceans: Panulirus argus not given
Reptiles: Iguana iguana not given
Reptiles: Kinosternon scorpioides not given Tabasco Mud Turtle

List of animal species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. IUCN Red List : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Panulirus : argus Unknown not given Caribbean Spiny Lobster
Acropora : palmata CR - Critically endangered not given Elkhorn Coral
Agaricia : agaricites Unknown not given Lettuce Coral
Agaricia : fragilis Unknown not given Fragile Saucer Coral
Agaricia : humilis Unknown not given Lowrelief Lettuce Coral
Agaricia : lamarcki VU - Vulnerable not given Lamarck's Sheet Coral
Agaricia : tenuifolia Unknown not given Thin Leaf Lettuce Coral
Colpophyllia : natans Unknown not given Boulder Brain Coral
Dendrogyra : cylindrus VU - Vulnerable not given Pillar Coral
Dichocoenia : stokesii VU - Vulnerable not given Elliptical Star Coral
Diploria : clivosa Unknown not given Knobby Brain Coral
Diploria : labyrinthiformis Unknown not given Grooved Brain Coral
Diploria strigosa: strigosa Unknown not given Symmetrical Brain Coral
Eusmilia : fastigiata Unknown not given Smooth Flower Coral
Favia : fragum Unknown not given Golfball Coral
Isophyllastrea: rigida Unknown not given Rough Star Coral
Isophyllia : sinuosa Unknown not given Sinuous Cactus Coral
Leptoseris: cucullata Unknown not given Sinuous Cactus Coral
Madracis : decactis Unknown not given Ten-ray Star Coral
Manicina : areolata Unknown not given Rose Coral
Meandrina : meandrites Unknown not given Maze Coral
Millepora : alcicornis Unknown not given
Millepora : complanata Unknown not given
Montastraea : annularis Unknown not given Boulder Star Coral
Montastraea : cavernosa Unknown not given Great Star Coral
Montastraea : faveolata EN - Endangered not given
Montastraea : franksi VU - Vulnerable not given
Mussa : angulosa VU - Vulnerable not given
Mycetophyllia : danaana Unknown not given Lowridge Cactus Coral
Mycetophyllia: lamarckiana Unknown not given Ridged Cactus Coarl
Porites : astreoides Unknown not given Mustard Hill Coral
Porites : porites Unknown not given Finger Coral
Siderastrea : radians Unknown not given Lesser Starlet Coral
Siderastrea: siderea Unknown not given Massive Starlet Coral
Solenastrea : bournoni Unknown not given Smooth Star Coral)
Epinephelus : itajara CR - Critically endangered not given Atlantic Goliath Grouper
Epinephelus : striatus EN - Endangered not given Nassau Grouper
Epinephelus : guttatus Unknown not given Red Hind
Mycteroperca: bonaci Unknown not given Black Grouper
Mycteroperca : tigris Unknown not given Tiger Grouper
Mycteroperca : microlepis Unknown not given Gag
Mycteroperca : venenosa Unknown not given Yellowfin Grouper
Pagrus : pagrus EN - Endangered not given Common Seabream
Lachnolaimus : maximus Unknown not given Hogfish
Lutjanus : analis VU - Vulnerable not given Mutton Snaper
Lutjanus : cyanopterus VU - Vulnerable not given Canteen Snapper
Scarus : guacamaia Unknown not given Rainbow Parrotfish
Hippocampus : reidi Unknown not given Longsnout Seahorse
Carcharhinus : perezi Unknown not given Caribbean Reef Shark
Rhizoprionodon: porosus Unknown not given Caribbean Sharpnose Shark
Ginglymostoma : cirratum Unknown not given Nurse Shark
Galeocerdo : cuvier Unknown not given Tiger Shark
Sphyrna : mokarran EN - Endangered not given Squat-headed Hammerhead Shark
Balistes : vetula VU - Vulnerable not given Queen Triggerfish
Thunnus : obesus VU - Vulnerable not given Bigeye Tuna
Thunnus : thynnus EN - Endangered not given Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
Gambusia : aestiputeus Unknown not given
Caretta : caretta EN - Endangered not given Loggerhead
Eretmochelys : imbricata CR - Critically endangered not given Hawksbill Turtle
Dermochelys : coriacea CR - Critically endangered not given Leatherback
Chelonia: mydas EN - Endangered not given Green Turtle
Anolis : pinchoti VU - Vulnerable not given Crab Cay Anole
Puffinus : lherminieri Unknown not given Audubon's Shearwater
Pelecanus : occidentalis Unknown not given Brown Pelican
Fregata : magnificens Unknown not given Magnificent Frigatebird
Sula : dactylatra Unknown not given Masked Booby
Sula : leucogaster Unknown not given Brown Booby
Casmerodius : albus Unknown not given Great Egret
Casmerodius : albus Unknown not given Great Egret
Egretta : caerulea Unknown not given Little Blue Heron
Egretta : tricolor Unknown not given Tricoloured Heron
Nycticorax : nycticorax Unknown not given Black-crowned Night-heron
Plegadis : falcinellus Unknown not given Glossy Ibis
Pandion : haliaetus Unknown not given Osprey
Falco : peregrinus Unknown not given Peregrine Falcon
Falco : columbarius Unknown not given Merlin
Fulica : caribaea Unknown not given Caribbean Coot
Anous : stolidus Unknown not given Brown Noddy
Sterna : fuscata Unknown not given Sooty Tern
Sterna : hirundo Unknown not given Common Tern
Sterna : maxima Unknown not given Royal Tern
Sterna : sandvicensis Unknown not given Sandwich Tern
Sterna : antillarum Unknown not given Least Tern
Calidris : alba Unknown not given Sanderling
Himantopus : mexicanus Unknown not given Black-necked Stilt
Vireo : caribaeus VU - Vulnerable not given San Andres Vireo
Molossus : molossus Unknown not given Pallas's Mastiff Bat
Stenella: attenuata Unknown not given Pantropical Spotted Dolphin
Tursiops : truncatus Unknown not given Common Bottlenose Dolphin

List of animal species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any