Saba National Marine Park

Note: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.

Chapter 6. MANAGEMENT

f - Clarify if some species/habitats listed in section III are the subject of more management/recovery/protection measures than others

Habitats


Marine / costal / terrestrial ecosystems Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Mangroves no no no
Coral yes yes yes Active patrolling, legislation, monitoring, research and education measures are targeted towards the protection of Saba's coral reefs. Direct protection measures include the administration, maintenance and management of a mooring and associated fees system. Coral transplantation projects are ongoing in the marine park.
Sea grass beds no no no
Wetlands no no no
Forests no no no
Others no no no

Flora


Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila baillonis no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila decipiens no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila engelmannii no no no

Fauna


Species from SPAW Annex 2 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Reptiles: Caretta caretta no no no Turtles pass through the marine parks' waters. They are subject to relevant legislation and protection but are not the target of specific management, protection or recovery measures.
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas no no no Turtles pass through the marine parks' waters. They are subject to relevant legislation and protection but are not the target of specific management, protection or recovery measures.
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata no no no Turtles pass through the marine parks' waters. They are subject to relevant legislation and protection but are not the target of specific management, protection or recovery measures.
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea no no no Turtles pass through the marine parks' waters. They are subject to relevant legislation and protection but are not the target of specific management, protection or recovery measures.
Birds: Puffinus lherminieri yes yes yes Seabirds of Saba are part of an ongoing management, protection and recovery project operated by a consultant.
Birds: Sterna antillarum antillarum yes yes yes Seabirds of Saba are part of an ongoing management, protection and recovery project operated by a consultant.
Birds: Sterna dougallii dougallii yes yes yes Seabirds of Saba are part of an ongoing management, protection and recovery project operated by a consultant.
Mammals: Balaenoptera musculus yes yes no
Mammals: Balaenoptera physalus yes yes no
Mammals: Balaenoptera borealis yes yes no
Mammals: Balaenoptera edeni yes yes no
Mammals: Megaptera novaeangliae yes yes no
Mammals: Eubalaena glacialis yes yes no
Mammals: Physeter macrocephalus yes yes no
Mammals: Kogia breviceps yes yes no
Mammals: Kogia simus yes yes no
Mammals: Ziphius cavirostris yes yes no
Mammals: Mesoplodon europeaus yes yes no
Mammals: Orcinus orca yes yes no
Mammals: Pseudorca crassidens yes yes no
Mammals: Globicephala macrorhynchus yes yes no
Mammals: Peponocephala electra yes yes no
Mammals: Lagenodelphis hosei yes yes no
Mammals: Stenella attenuata yes yes no
Mammals: Stenella frontalis yes yes no
Mammals: Stenella longirostris yes yes no
Mammals: Stenella clymene yes yes no
Mammals: Tursiops truncatus yes yes no
Mammals: Stenella coeruleoalba yes yes no
Mammals: Grampus griseus yes yes no
Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Hydrozoa: Milleporidae yes yes no
Hydrozoa: Stylasteridae yes yes no
Anthozoa : Antipatharia yes yes no
Anthozoa : Gorgonacea yes yes no
Anthozoa : Scleractinia yes yes yes Some coral transplantation work takes place in the Marine Park.
Molluscs: Strombus gigas yes yes no
Crustaceans: Panulirus argus yes yes no
Reptiles: Iguana iguana yes yes no

g - Describe how the protected area is integrated within the country’s larger planning framework (if applicable)

The Saba National Marine Park is one of the National Parks of the Caribbean Netherlands as recognized in the Nature Policy Plan for the Caribbean Netherlands.  It is also part of the network of Dutch Caribbean Protected Areas, which includes marine parks on each of the Caribbean Netherlands's islands - Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba - as well as on St. Maarten, and terrestrial protected areas on Bonaire, St. Eustatius, Saba, Aruba, and Curacao. these Protected Areas are united through the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance (DCNA) which supports the individual protected area management organizations with training and monitoring programs, staff exchanges, adminstrative assistance and fundraising.

h - Zoning, if applicable, and the basic regulations applied to the zones (attach in Annex a copy of the zoning map)

Name Basic regulation applied to the zone
Multiple Use A multiple use zone, accommodating both fishing and diving but with limited emphasis on diving. All traditional fish techniques are permitted in this area accept spear fishing while using SCUBA.. A multiple use zone, situated along the coast from Torrens Point (17 38.70 N, 63 15.18 W) to Fort Bay (17 36.90 N, 63 15.08 W), measured along Flat Point,
Recreational diving zones Recreational diving zones, fishing, spearfishing, trap fishing and anchoring are not permitted. Five recreational diving zones, situated along the coast, from Tent Bay (17 37.00 N, 63 15.30 W) to Ladder Bay (17 37.83 N, 63 15.50 W), measured in northern direction; surrounding Diamond Rock (17 38.81 N, 63 15.40 W); surrounding Man of War Shoal (17 38.77 N, 63 15.35 W); at and surrounding the undersea mountain west of Ladder Bay (17 37.94 N, 63 26.43 W); and situated at and surrounding the undersea mountain west of Well’s Bay (17 38.70 N, 63 15.91 W),
Anchoring Anchorage zones, where yacht moorings have been placed for the safe anchoring of visiting boats. Three anchoring zones, situated along the coast, from Fort Bay (17 36.90 N, 63 15.08 W) to Tent Bay (17 37.00 N, 63 15.30 W); in Ladder Bay, situated along the coast from 17 37.83 N, 63 15.50 W to 17 37.95 N, 63 15.43 W; and in Well’s Bay, situated along the coast 17 38.37 N, 63 15.23 W to 17 38.48 N, 63 15.22 W,
Recreational all purpose All purpose recreational zone, which incorporates part of the anchoring zone and is intended to accommodate boating, swimming, snorkelling, diving and fishing.. An all-purpose recreational zone, situated along the coast from the Ladder Bay anchorage (17 37.95 N, 63 15.43 W) to Torrens Point (17 38.70 N, 63 15.18 W).
Comments, if necessary

No fishing is permitted in the recreational diving zones except line fishing from shore and except trolling insofar this poses no danger to divers in the water.

The zoning system is currently under review.

 

See Attachment 9

i - Enforcement measures and policies

Verbal warnings are frequently given by SCF staff for illegal fishing in the marine park, some anchoring infringements and poor boat handling practices. Written warnings are issued less frequently for more serious infringements including repeat illegal fishing offenders who are often from neighbouring islands. In this case SCF works closely with other islands to enforce relevant legislation. Staff of SCF have an advisory role on the issuing of permits for species for research (CITES).

Lobbying has taken place on current issues facing the Saba National Marine Park. These issues range from pollution, sedimentation, development and the implementation of no-take zones.

 

SCF staff also advise on planning for infrastructure developments and the manager of SCF remains on 24 hour emergency response stand by.

 

Within the MPA there are three formal patrols a week, each for three hours. Patrolling for enforcement and surveillance also take part on an ad-hoc basis as staff spend time in the marine park on other activities such as mooring maintenance. 

 

 

 

j - International status and dates of designation (e.g. Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Site, Significant Bird Area, etc.)

International status Date of designation
Biosphere reserve no
Ramsar site no
Significant bird area yes 1/1/07
World heritage site (UNESCO) no
Others: no
Comments
Important Bird Area: Saba Coastline includes all areas from the waterline to 400 meters inland around the perimeter of this small island. Because Saba’s coast is composed solely of cliffs, Red-billed Tropicbirds can be found all around the island. Saba has an internationally important breeding colony of Red-billed tropicbirds ,which represents about 40% of the Caribbean population. This habitat also is appropriate for Audubon’s Shearwater, a species which is much more difficult to detect but breeds on the island. The IBA should include Rainforest Ravine, part of the proposed Saba National Land Park, the only site where nesting of Audubon’s Shearwater has been confirmed in recent decades. The only human settlements along the coast are at Fort Bay, where a dock, several buildings, a rock quarry, and landfill exist. It is also a Tropicbird research site.

k - Site’s contribution to local sustainable development measures or related plans

-

l - Available management resources for the area

Ressources How many/how much Comments/description
Human ressources Permanent staff 8 There have been significant changes to staff throughout 2013
Volunteers 100
Partners 19
Physical ressources Equipments Staff have access to a range of equipment for communication, science, diving and operations at sea, including a patrol boat and drilling equipment for the placement of moorings For further details see Attachment 10
Infrastructures SCF has an office with a shop and multimedia room. New storage and a workshop were built in 2013. The organisation also has a ticket office / trail shop in Windwardside, the main administrative settlement.
Financial ressources Present sources of funding Grants, User Fees, Donors The annual budget for the WHOLE of The Saba Conservation Foundation for 2014 was $578,000.
Sources expected in the future DCNA trust fund income, Grants, Fees, Donors
Annual budget (USD)

Conclusion Describe how the management framework outlined above is adequate to achieve the ecological and socio-economic objectives that were established for the site (Guidelines and Criteria Section C/V).

The management framework above allows for the development and consolidation of the site as a protected area. Although human resource capacity has been restricted in the past, the current staff have the capacity carry out all necessary operational duties, including management, patrolling, maintenance, law enforcement, working with stakeholders, research, monitoring education and communication as well as administrative tasks. Projects are also undertaken on an ad hoc basis.

The work carried out addresses all of the objectives set out by Saba Conservation Foundation for the management of The Saba National Marine Park. There is of course space for progression and growth within the framework, especially with respect to the continuity of the human resource capacity. This will allow consistency in the work carried out to address the stated objectives.