Everglade National Park

Note: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.

Chapter 6. MANAGEMENT

f - Clarify if some species/habitats listed in section III are the subject of more management/recovery/protection measures than others

Habitats


Marine / costal / terrestrial ecosystems Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Mangroves no no no
Coral no no no
Sea grass beds no no no
Wetlands no no no
Forests no no no
Others no no no

Flora


Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Compositae : Laguncularia racemosa no no no
Cymodoceaceae: Halodule wrightii no no no
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum no no no
Rhizophoraceae: Rhizophora mangle no no no
Ruppiaceae: Ruppia maritima no no no
Verbenaceae: Avicennia germinans no no no

Fauna


Species from SPAW Annex 2 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Reptiles: Crocodylus acutus no no yes American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) – habitat suitability for this species is incorporated into all appropriate park projects and ecosystem-level restoration projects.
Birds: Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis no yes no Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow - (Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis) - a Biological Opinion in 1996 affected the hydrology of the park since that time as the management of fire and water delivery is essential to the breeding success of this species.
Mammals: Tursiops truncatus no no no
Mammals: Trichechus manatus no yes no West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus) – since this species is negatively affected by boating, the park (and State of Florida) have implemented internal regulations that manage boat speeds (e.g., “no wake” zones) in some areas.

g - Describe how the protected area is integrated within the country’s larger planning framework (if applicable)

It is important to note that the park serves as a member of a network for other protected areas; as a stopover for migrating birds, for example, and as a nursery for marine fish and invertebrates during a critical part of their life. Parks within the USA provide the protection that many species need to breed, feed, seek refuge, and rebuild their populations.

h - Zoning, if applicable, and the basic regulations applied to the zones (attach in Annex a copy of the zoning map)

Name Basic regulation applied to the zone
Boat speed restrictive zones Boat speed restrictive zones are in place in order to protect the endangered West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus) (http://myfwc.com/manatee/data/Collier/collaw-sht8.pdf). Other special regulations or restrictive zones may be put in place at any time in order to fulfill the park’s mission of protecting the natural processes of the ecosystem. Many cities and towns adjacent to the park have zoning plans in place to be sensitive to reducing and/or eliminating potential impacts to the park’s resources.

i - Enforcement measures and policies

The park has a professional law enforcement division who enforces the laws and regulations of the nation, state, and park. Furthermore, law enforcement personnel from adjacent Biscayne National Park and the Florida Keys National Marine sanctuary (a SPAW designated site) contribute to enforcing the laws and policies of the area.

j - International status and dates of designation (e.g. Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Site, Significant Bird Area, etc.)

International status Date of designation
Biosphere reserve yes 1/1/76
Ramsar site no
Significant bird area no
World heritage site (UNESCO) yes 1/1/79
Others: World Heritage Site in Danger yes 1/1/10
Comments
Wetland of International Importance (1987). one of only three locations in the world to appear on all three lists.

k - Site’s contribution to local sustainable development measures or related plans

Many of the cities and towns of south Florida and the Florida Keys are sensitive to any adverse impacts, either direct or indirect, to the park’s physical and biological resources. These sensitivities can be found in the individual entities growth and zoning plans.

l - Available management resources for the area

Ressources How many/how much Comments/description
Human ressources Permanent staff 235 The latest figures available show that there are 235 employees of the park, generally broken down into the Superintendent’s Office including Park Planning and Compliance, (14), Administration and Budget (19), Science (50), Facility Management and Maintenance (51), Interpretation and Education (39), Law Enforcement (37), and Fire Management and Education (25).
Volunteers
Partners
Physical ressources Equipments The Division of Facility Management at Everglades National Park is responsible for the condition and operation of the equipment and infrastructure of the park. These include: approximately 131 km. of surfaced roads, 250 km. of trails (including canoe trails), 8 km. of surface trails, and 5 km. of elevated boardwalk trails; responsibilities also include 2 campgrounds (Long Pine Key, 108 sites and Flamingo, 235 drive-in and 60 walk-in tent sites); 48 designated backcountry campsites (accessible by boat); 280 buildings (4 visitor centers, park headquarters, maintenance and utility buildings, research facilities, and two environmental education centers). The Division operates two central wastewater treatment plants, 14 water treatment systems; maintains a four-park radio communications network and over 180 vehicles, boats and special purpose equipment. Also included are fee collection stations and 3 areas of concessions assigned assets (at Flamingo, Shark Valley and Everglades City): In addition, the Division provides architectural and engineering design services for new construction and rehabilitation of existing facilities for both Everglades and Dry Tortugas National Parks. This Branch is supported by two facility management systems analysts who develop asset documentation to assist in determining work priorities and to support funding requests.
Infrastructures
Financial ressources Present sources of funding United States Congress The most current annual budget allocated from the United States Congress for Everglades National Park is approximately $16.7 million USD.
Sources expected in the future
Annual budget (USD) 1670000

Conclusion Describe how the management framework outlined above is adequate to achieve the ecological and socio-economic objectives that were established for the site (Guidelines and Criteria Section C/V).

Conclusion