Everglade National Park

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Chapter 5. CULTURAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CRITERIA

(Guidelines and Criteria Section B / Cultural and Socio-Economic Criteria) Nominated Areas must conform, where applicable, to at least one of the three Cultural and Socio-Economic Criteria. If applicable, describe how the nominated site satisfies one or more of the following three Criteria (Attach in Annex any specific and relevant documents in support of these criteria).

Productivity:


Everglades National Park is set aside as a permanent wilderness, and its mission is to preserve essential primitive conditions including the natural abundance, diversity, behavior, and ecological integrity of the unique flora and fauna. It is the first national park in the United States dedicated for its biologic diversity. With little direct anthropogenic stress from humans, the park contributes to maintaining and enhancing sustainable fish and wildlife of the area.

Cultural and traditional use:


On January 11, 1962, the U.S. Secretary of the Interior approved the Miccosukee Constitution and the Tribe was officially recognized as the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida. This legally established the Miccosukees’ tribal existence and their sovereign, domestic dependent nation status with the United States Government. The Miccosukee Tribe of Indians is a federally recognized Indian Tribe that resides in the historic Florida Everglades. In their own Miccosukee language, the Tribe uses the word “Kahayatle” to refer to the shimmering waters of the Everglades. The Miccosukee Tribe once occupied a reservation of approximately 100,000 acres of land within what is now Everglades National Park. The Tamiami Trail Reservation Area, which consists of four parcels of land, is located 64 km. west of Miami and is presently the site of most Tribal operations. The Tamiami Trail Reservation is also the center of the Miccosukee Indian population. The first parcel is 33.3 acres and is under a 50-year use permit from the National Park Service, which expires on January 24, 2014. The Tribe is allowed to use this land for the purpose of hunting, fishing, frogging, and subsistence agriculture to carry on the traditional Miccosukee way of life.

Socio-economic benefits:


The Everglades wetlands and downstream estuarine Florida Bay contributes significantly to the outdoor recreational lifestyle of south Florida and the Florida Keys. Ecotourism in the form of boating, wildlife viewing, and recreational fishing are extremely important to the economic engine of this area. Fishermen traveling to the Everglades to fish contribute to the Florida economy by hiring independent guides and purchasing lodging, meals, equipment, supplies, transportation, and other items in the retail sector. The Everglades Foundation/Bonefish and Tarpon Trust surveyed many anglers in the area and found that generally expenditures attributable to freshwater fishing in the Everglades Region were $205.9 million USD. This was about 14% of all freshwater fishing expenditures made in the State of Florida. Trip expenditures made by Everglades saltwater anglers were nearly three times greater than those made by freshwater anglers. Saltwater trip-related expenditures exceeded $312 million USD. Details of the economic impact of this area can be found at http://everglades.3cdn.net/704e4f6cc378aa765d_2ym6bi7f6.pdf.