Everglade National ParkNote: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.
Chapter 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Present briefly the proposed area and its principal characteristics, and specify the objectives that motivated its creation :
Explain why the proposed area should be proposed for inclusion in the SPAW list
Everglades National Park is one of the world’s unique ecosystems. The park is located at the interface between temperate and tropical America; between land and sea; between fresh, brackish, and marine waters; between terrestrially influenced shallow embayments and deeper coastal waters of the Gulf of Mexico; and between the urban sprawl and development of greater Broward, Collier, and Miami-Dade counties (2011 population of ~ 4.1 million) and quiet wilderness. Everglades National Park protects the southern 20 percent of the original Florida Everglades. In the United States, it is the largest subtropical wilderness, the largest wilderness of any kind east of the Mississippi River, and is visited on average by one million people each year. It is the third-largest national park in the lower 48 states after Death Valley and Yellowstone.
Although most U.S. national parks preserve unique geographic features, Everglades National Park was the first created to protect a fragile ecosystem. The Everglades are a network of wetlands and forests fed by a river flowing 0.25 miles (0.40 km) per day out of Lake Okeechobee, southwest into Florida Bay. From the Bay the water moves through the island passes into the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (designated a SPAW in 2010). The park is the most significant breeding ground for tropical wading birds in North America, contains the largest mangrove ecosystem in the western hemisphere, is home to 36 threatened or protected species including the Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi or Puma concolor couguar, current taxonomic status unresolved), the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus), and the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus), and supports 350 species of birds, 300 species of fresh and saltwater fish, 40 species of mammals, and 50 species of reptiles. The majority of South Florida's fresh water, which is stored in the Biscayne Aquifer, is recharged in the park.