Sanctuaire Agoa

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

Flora

Brief description of the main plant assemblages significant or particular in the area:


Researches in most parts of the sanctuary will be conducted in the coming years. Improving the knowledge on habitats is one of the future priorities.

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex I

List of species in SPAW annex I Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of plant species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any
Cactaceae: Melocactus intortus not given
Compositae : Laguncularia racemosa not given
Cymodoceaceae: Halodule wrightii not given
Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme not given
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum not given
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila decipiens not given
Rhizophoraceae: Rhizophora mangle not given

List of plant species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. UICN red list : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Halophila : Halophila baillonii VU - Vulnerable not given
Halophila : Halophila decipiens Unknown not given Least concern
Laguncularia : Laguncularia racemosa Unknown not given Least concern
Rhizophora : Rhizophora mangle Unknown not given Least concern
Syringodium : Syringodium filiforme Unknown not given Least concern
Thalassia : Thalassia testudinum Unknown not given Least concern
Acrostichum : Acrostichum danaeifolium Unknown not given Least concern
Avicennia : Avicennia germinans Unknown not given Least concern
Avicennia : Avicennia schaueriana Unknown not given Least concern
Conocarpus : Conocarpus erectus Unknown not given Least concern
Halodule : Halodule wrightii Unknown not given Least concern
Acrostichum : Acrostichum aureum Unknown not given Least concern

List of plant species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any
Marine flora: Marine flora not given At the regional level The marine flora is protected by the prefectural Decree No. 2002-1249 regulating the fishing activities in coastal marine waters in the department of Guadeloupe and its dependencies - Title 1 - Chapter 3 - Article 19.
Melocactus: Melocactus intortus not given Protected by the Ministerial Decree of December 26th 1988 and the Order of February 27th 2006 on the list of protected plant species in Guadeloupe
Guaiacum: Guaiacum officinale not given Protected by the Ministerial Decree of December 26th 1988 and the Order of February 27th 2006 on the list of protected plant species in Guadeloupe

Fauna

Brief descript° of the main fauna populations and/or those of particular importance present (resident or migratory) in the area:


 

Cetaceans present in the Agoa sanctuary represent a remarkable biodiversity with more than 28 species theoretically present (Ward & Moscrop 2001). Among the most observed species, the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) during the breeding season from January to June, the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) or some dolphins like the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) who regularly attend the sanctuary. It is interesting to note that many species are observed throughout the year which would indicate that some species (Stenos bredanensis, Tursiops truncatus, Physeter macrocephalus, Stenella attenuata and Feresa attenuata) have some degree of fidelity to certain sites.

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex II

List of species in SPAW annex II Estimate of population size Comments if any
Mammals: Balaenoptera edeni not given Ship strikes Accidental capture in fishing gear Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned (waste, wrecks, etc ...) direct takes maritime traffic Oil pollution and chemical components Chronic noise pollution Disturbance by the activities of whale watching
Mammals: Megaptera novaeangliae not given Habitat: shoals of sand, near the islands Reproduction: Arc of Northern Caribbean and the Dominican Republic in winter Food: Small fish (herring, capelin and Greenland halibut) and krill caught near the surface of 60 to 120m depth alone or in cooperation with other individuals. General threats (Source: IUCN): Aboriginal Subsistence Whaling in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (4 individuals / year) Aboriginal whaling by the West Greenland Inuit (8 individuals / year) Ship strikes Accidental capture in fishing gear Oil pollution and the chemical components Chronic noise pollution Disturbance by the activities of whale watching
Mammals: Balaenoptera acutostrata not given HABITAT: Coastal waters and High Seas FOOD: A variety of prey but mostly of krill and small fish (opportunistic depending on the season and prey availability) REPRODUCTION Minke whales in the North Atlantic is sexually mature at the age of 7 for females and 6 for males. Breeding occurs between October and March. Gestation lasts between 10 and 11 months, parturition occurs between November and March. Reproduction Bermuda, Bahamas / Caribbean during the winter Threats or potential: Fishery by Iceland, Norway, Russia and Japan Accidental capture in fishing gear (200 / year on the Japan Sea and South China Sea) Chronic noise pollution
Mammals: Physeter macrocephalus not given Habitat: Deep waters Food: squid in deep water Habitat for mating: Water above 15 ° general threats (Source: IUCN): Collision with vessels Accidental capture in fishing gear in particular because of the phenomen of predation Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned (waste, wrecks, etc ...) Ingestion of debris maritime traffic Chronic noise pollution Disturbance by the activities of whale watching
Mammals: Kogia breviceps not given Habitat: Beyond the shelf edge Food: Cephalopods, fish and shrimp in deep water General threats (Source: IUCN): Incidental capture in fishing gear Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned (waste, wrecks, etc ...) Ingestion of debris Oil pollution and chemical components Chronic noise pollution (significant stranding in Taiwan, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Coast, Florida).
Mammals: Kogia simus not given Habitat : waters off the tropical coasts and warm temperate areas Food : mainly cephalopods and other prey in deep waters General threats (Source: IUCN) Spear fishing times in the Lesser Antilles (St. Vincent) Accidental capture in fishing gear (rare) Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned (waste, wrecks, etc ...) (rare) Ingestion of debris Oil pollution and chemical components Acute or chronic noise pollution (significant stranding in Taiwan, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Coast, Florida).
Mammals: Ziphius cavirostris not given HABITAT: Deep waters more than 200 meters, rarely near the coast except deepwater FOOD: Fish, squid, crustaceans Ascertain or potential threats: Bycatch in fisheries of the Caribbean Islands Incidental capture in fishing gear (tangle) Incidental capture in fishing gear abandoned
Mammals: Mesoplodon europeaus not given Habitat: Deep temperate waters, subtropical and tropical Food: Squid, crustacean larvae General threats (Source: IUCN): Incidental capture in fishing gear Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned Sensitive to acute and chronic noise (strandings) Ingestion of plastic waste
Mammals: Mesoplodon densirostris not given Habitat: temperate and tropical waters between 200 and 1000 meters depth. Food: Fish, squid General threats (source IUCN): Incidental capture in fishing gear Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned Sensitive to acute and chronic noise (strandings) Ingestion of plastic waste
Mammals: Orcinus orca not given Habitat: All habitats of high productivity Food: Marine mammals of small and large sizes, seabirds, turtles e sea, many fish species, cephalopods General threats (Source: IUCN): Hunting by the Coastal Fisheries in the Caribbean islands Accidental capture in fishing gear (trawl, net, squid fishery, gillnets, driftnets) Sensitive to pollutants because of their high trophic position Sensitive to acute and chronic noise Inventory reduction of food supply Phenomena depredations
Mammals: Feresa attenuata not given Food: Cephalopods, fish, sometimes attacks the dolphins Habitat: Deep and warm waters, rarely near the coast with the exception of deep and clear water General threats: (Source: IUCN) Spear fishing in the Caribbean Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines for tuna, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) Vulnerable to anthropogenic loud sounds (sonar, seismic exploration) Ingestion of waste plastic and in particular Pollution: There have been reports on the presence of oil residues, including DDT, dieldrin and PCBs in various tissues of three pygmy killer whales in the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of Florida (Ross and Leatherwood, 1994 ).
Mammals: Pseudorca crassidens not given Habitat: temperate and tropical waters Food: Fish, cephalopods, small cetaceans, listed attacks of humpback and sperm whales, dolphin dorado, tuna, marlin ... General threats (Source: IUCN): Hunting in the coastal fisheries in the waters of St. Vincent Accidental capture in fishing gear Sensitive to acute and chronic noise Inventory reduction of food supply Ingestion of plastic waste Phenomena of depredation
Mammals: Globicephala macrorhynchus not given Habitat: Deep and warm waters, rarely near the coast with the exception of deep water Food: mainly cephalopods, fish. In southern California, the seasonal abundance of pilot whales appears to be correlated with the seasonal abundance of breeding squid. General threats: (Source: IUCN) Harpooning in St. Vincent (approx 220 individuals: year) and St. Lucia (Bernard and Reilly, 1999). Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines for tuna, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) in the Caribbean, off Puerto Rico, U.S. and British Virgin Islands (Mignucci et al. 1999). Accidental capture in fishing gear abandoned Vulnerable to anthropogenic loud sounds (sonar, seismic exploration) collision
Mammals: Peponocephala electra not given Habitat: Continental shelf and around oceanic islands, near the coast in deep water Food: squid, shrimp and small fish General threats (Source: IUCN): Hunting by coastal fisheries in the waters of St. Vincent Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seine for tuna, trawl net, squid fishery, gillnets, driftnets) Sensitive to acute and chronic noise Inventory reduction of food supply Ingestion of plastic waste
Mammals: Lagenodelphis hosei not given Habitat: Deep waters offshore and near shore Food : pelagic (especially myctophids), squids and crustaceans up to 600 m and on the surface General threats (Source: IUCN): Harpooning in the Lesser Antilles Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines for tuna, squid fishery, gillnets, driftnets) Vulnerable to anthropogenic loud sounds (sonar, seismic exploration) and pollution
Mammals: Stenella attenuata not given Habitat: Depth - 50 meters and water at 25 ° Food: Small fish, flying fish and live fish on the bottom General threats (Source: IUCN): Fishing in St. Vincent (harpoons and gillnets) Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) important source of mortality or abandoned
Mammals: Stenella frontalis not given Habitat: High tropical seas, temperate deep water close to shore and shallow waters sometimes Food: A wide variety of fish, squid and benthic invertebrates mesopelagic General threats (Source: IUCN): Incidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) Exploitation of commercial fish and cephalopods as part of its diet
Mammals: Stenella longirostris not given Habitat: coastal tropical waters of islands or reefs, deep sea and shallow bays to rest sometimes Food: Feed especially at night, small fish, squid and shrimp General threats (Source: IUCN): Incidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) and / or littering Fishery in the Caribbean Disturbance by whale watching during resting periods
Mammals: Stenella clymene not given Habitat: Tropical and subtropical deep water offshore or near shore. Food: Small fish and squid General threats (Source: IUCN): Harpooning in St. Vincent, Accidental capture in fishing gear (gill nets, purse seines)
Mammals: Tursiops truncatus not given HABITAT: Coastal and pelagic waters. FOOD: Fish, cephalopods, squid, shrimp, crustaceans. Ascertain or potential threats: Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seine and rotary for tuna net, gill nets and drift longlines) - Incidental capture in fishing gear abandoned Capture targeted for hunting, exposure to the public Sensitive to noise acute and chronic, pollution due to its coastal habitat inventory reduction of food supply due to overfishing and loss / degradation of its habitat Ingestion of plastic waste
Mammals: Stenella coeruleoalba not given Habitat: High tropical seas, temperate regions with deep water near the coasts Food: Wide variety of pelagic or benthopelagic (200 to 700 m) General threats (Source: IUCN): Fishing in St. Vincent (harpoons and gillnets) Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) important source of mortality Sensitive to pollution by oil and chemical components Exploitation of commercial fish and cephalopods as part of its diet
Mammals: Grampus griseus not given Abundance: In the northern Gulf of Mexico, the estimate of the abundance of Risso's dolphins in oceanic waters, from 1996 to 2001, is around 2169 (CV = 0.32) (Mullin and Fulling 2004). Habitat: Deep waters of the continental and oceanic slopes ; 400 to 1000 meters deep and sometimes shallow waters Food: squid, cephalopods and crustaceans sometimes (at night) General threats (Source: IUCN): Incidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines for tuna, squid fishery, gillnets, driftnets, longlines). Vulnerable to anthropogenic loud sounds (sonar, seismic exploration). Ingestion of plastic waste, ropes, cans
Mammals: Steno bredanensis not given Habitat: deep tropical coastal waters of islands or reefs and shallow waters Power: Cephalopods, fish large and small sizes General threats (Source: IUCN): Harpooning in St. Vincent Accidental capture in fishing gear (purse seines for tuna, gillnets, driftnets, longlines) Fishery in the Caribbean Disturbance by whale watching

List of animal species within the site that are in SPAW Annex III

List of species in SPAW annex III Estimate of population size Comments if any

List of animal species within the site that are in the IUCN Red List. IUCN Red List : http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search You will specify the IUCN Status (CR:critically endangered; EN:endangered; VU:vulnerable).

List of species in IUCN red list that are present in your site IUCN Status Estimate of population size Comments if any
Balaenoptera: Balaenoptera edeni Unknown not given data deficient
Feresa: Feresa attenuata Unknown not given data deficient
Globicephala: Globicephala macrorhynchus Unknown not given data deficient
Grampus: Grampus griseus Unknown not given Least concern
Kogia: Kogia breviceps Unknown not given data deficient
Kogia : Kogia simus Unknown not given data deficient
Lagenodelphis: Lagenodelphis hosei Unknown not given Least concern
Megaptera: Megaptera novaeangliae Unknown not given Least concern
Mesoplodon: Mesoplodon europaeus Unknown not given data deficient
Mesoplodon: Mesoplodon densirostris Unknown not given data deficient
Orcinus: Orcinus orca Unknown not given data deficient
Peponocephala: Peponocephala electra Unknown not given Least concern
Physeter: Physeter macrocephalus VU - Vulnerable not given
Pseudorca: Pseudorca crassidens Unknown not given data deficient
Stenella: Stenella attenuata Unknown not given Least concern
Stenella: Stenella clymene Unknown not given data deficient
Stenella: Stenella coeruloalba Unknown not given Least concern
Stenella: Stenella frontalis Unknown not given Data deficient
Stenella: Stenella longirostris Unknown not given Data deficient
Steno: Steno bredanensis Unknown not given
Balaenopteridae: Balaenoptera acutorastrata Unknown not given Least concern
Balaenopteridae: Balaenoptera borealis Unknown not given Data deficient
Delphinidae: Tursiops truncatus Unknown not given Least concern
Ziphiidae: Ziphius cavirostris Unknown not given least concern

List of animal species within the site that are in the national list of protected species

List of species in the national list of protected species that are present in your site Estimate of population size Comments if any
Balaenoptera: Balaenoptera edeni not given
Feresa: Feresa attenuata not given
Globicephala: Globicephala macrorhynchus not given
Grampus: Grampus griseus not given
Kogia: Kogia breviceps not given
Kogia: Kogia simus not given
Lagenodelphis: Lagenodelphis hosei not given
Megaptera: Megaptera novaeangliae not given
Mesoplodon: Mesoplodon europaeus not given
Mesoplodon: Mesoplodon densirostris not given
orcinus: orcinus orca not given
Peponocephala: Peponocephala electra not given
Physeter: Physeter macrocephalus not given
Pseudorca : Pseudorca crassidens not given
Stenella: Stenella attenuata not given
Stenella: Stenella clymene not given
Stenella : Stenella coeruloalba not given
Stenella: Stenella frontalis not given
Stenella : Stenella longirostris not given
Steno: Steno bredanensis not given
Balaenoptera: Balaenoptera acutorastrata not given
Balaenoptera : Balaenoptera borealis not given
Tursiops: Tursiops truncatus not given
Ziphius : Ziphius cavirostris not given