St Eustatius National Marine Park

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Chapter 6. MANAGEMENT

f - Clarify if some species/habitats listed in section III are the subject of more management/recovery/protection measures than others

Habitats


Marine / costal / terrestrial ecosystems Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Mangroves no no no Not present on island
Coral yes yes yes Protected within the Marine Park. No take regulation.
Sea grass beds no no no Protected within the Marine Park. No take regulation.
Wetlands no no no Not present on island
Forests yes yes yes Protected within the National Park. Re-forestration program
Others no no no

Flora


Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Hydrocharitaceae: Thalassia testudinum yes yes no Protected within the Marine Park. No take regulation.
Hydrocharitaceae: Halophila decipiens no no no
Cymodoceaceae: Syringodium filiforme yes yes no Protected within the Marine Park. No take regulation.

Fauna


Species from SPAW Annex 2 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Reptiles: Caretta caretta yes yes no Protected year round. Nesting beach protected.
Reptiles: Chelonia mydas yes yes yes Protected year round. Nesting beach protected.
Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata yes yes yes Protected year round. Nesting beach protected.
Reptiles: Dermochelys coriacea yes yes yes Protected year round. Nesting beach protected.
Birds: Puffinus lherminieri no no no Isolated and breeding area inaccessible
Mammals: Megaptera novaeangliae yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Physeter macrocephalus no no no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Kogia simus yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Ziphius cavirostris yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Mesoplodon europeaus yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Orcinus orca yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Globicephala macrorhynchus yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Peponocephala electra yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Stenella attenuata yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Stenella longirostris yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Tursiops truncatus yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Mammals: Stenella coeruleoalba yes yes no Protected year round in the Marine Park (and in territorial waters)
Species from SPAW Annex 3 present in your area Management measures Protection measures Recovery measures Comments/description of measures
Hydrozoa: Milleporidae yes yes yes Protected in the Marine Park. No take regulation
Hydrozoa: Stylasteridae yes yes no Protected in the Marine Park. No take regulation
Anthozoa : Antipatharia yes yes no Protected in the Marine Park. No take regulation
Anthozoa : Gorgonacea yes yes yes Protected in the Marine Park. No take regulation
Anthozoa : Scleractinia yes yes yes Protected in the Marine Park. No take regulation
Molluscs: Strombus gigas yes yes yes Protected in the Marine Park. Size limit and catch size limit
Crustaceans: Panulirus argus yes yes yes Protected in the Marine Park. Size limit and catch method restriction

g - Describe how the protected area is integrated within the country’s larger planning framework (if applicable)

St Eustatius is seeking to diversify its economy and improve the welfare of its citizens. The development policy and strategy of the Government encourages and facilitates the realization of these objectives. Statia is offering investors a competitive investment environment, including the availability of land for development at relatively low cost. Potential areas that the Island Government is looking at include tourism, maritime and air transportation, education and training, real estate, value-added oil based industries and telecommunications based services, to list a few.

Government is aware through the various reports and studies that fisheries and tourism bring in millions of dollars in revenue on an annual basis and are hoping to develop those two areas in a sustainable manner.

Hence the need for a management authority with expertise to regulate the activities within the Marine Park. This is in order for all stakeholders to achieve their potential but in a sustainable way.

h - Zoning, if applicable, and the basic regulations applied to the zones (attach in Annex a copy of the zoning map)

Name Basic regulation applied to the zone
reserve no-take and no-anchoring
general use no anchoring, fishery restrictions (size, gear), diving restrictions (fee, license), EIA required for potentially impacting coastal development
anchoring zone anchoring allowed including large commercial ships anchoring fee set per BRT of ship
Comments, if necessary

The St Eustatius Marine Park surrounds the entire island from the high water mark to a depth of 30m. Due to the shape of the sea floor this extends the furthest in the South West. There are two designated reserves, marked by large yellow buoys , one in the North and one in the South.

 

The Northern Marine Reserve is located at 17° 30’.5 N along the high waterline to the northern point, to the north to the 30 meter depth limit, to the west and south along the 30 meter depth limit until these lines pass the coordinate 17° 30’.5 N and back to Jenkins Bay. The Southern Marine Reserve is located at 17° 28’.5 N along the high waterline to the point of White Wall, south out to sea for half a nautical mile, to the west following the 30 meter depth limit to the crossing with the 17° 27’.7 N coordinate, to the north 17° 28’.5 N and back to Gallows Bay. Anchoring is not permitted within the Reserves. Fishing is not permitted within the reserves

 

Due to the heavy boat traffic using Statia Terminals NV, anchoring zones have been designated for bunker vessels with drafts up to 15m (50ft). The zones are situated in Oranje Baai between the City Pier and the Statia Terminal Jetty. The zones are located in water of 24m to 40m. Two of the zones fall entirely within the marine park while half of Zone A lies beyond the depth boundaries of the marine park. Tankers also use the area west of these designated zones for anchoring vessels.

There are general use areas within which anchoring, fishing and unsupervised recreational activities are permitted. The yacht and fishing boats anchoring zone is located in the near shore area just to the north of the city pier/harbor.

 

 

 

 

i - Enforcement measures and policies

The St Eustatius National Parks Foundation utilizes a number of treaties in their daily work. Also the St Eustatius National Marine Park works under the local legislation as written in the St. Eustatius Marine Environment Ordinance AB1996, No. 03

Treaties implemented by the National Nature Conservation Ordinance such as CITES, SPAW protocol of the Cartagena Convention, Bonn Convention on migratory species, Inter-American sea turtle convention, Biodiversity convention and the Ramsar convention overrule certain regulations stipulated within this island ordinance.  

j - International status and dates of designation (e.g. Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Site, Significant Bird Area, etc.)

International status Date of designation
Biosphere reserve no
Ramsar site no
Significant bird area yes 1/5/09
World heritage site (UNESCO) no
Others: no

k - Site’s contribution to local sustainable development measures or related plans

The St Eustatius National Marine Park contributes to local sustainable development measures by protecting the natural resources found within the marine environment of the island.

Within the Park there are no take zones which serve to increase the fish numbers through protection of larger breeders and of juveniles. Also there is a no anchoring zone which serves to protect the coral reefs from destruction thereby preserving them as habitat for the fish and as attractions for recreational divers.

 

l - Available management resources for the area

Ressources How many/how much Comments/description
Human ressources Permanent staff 6
Volunteers 8
Partners 5
Physical ressources Equipments 4 trucks 1 patrol boat 1 dinghy Trail and Botanical Garden maintenance equipment mooring maintenance equipment
Infrastructures 1 Visitor Center on the waterfront Visitor center at the Botanical Garden Workshop at the Visitor center
Financial ressources Present sources of funding Grant funding for projects User fees Small government subsidy Souvenir sales endowments The annual budget for the WHOLE of STENAPA (including terrestrial Protected Area) in 2013 was $ 364,293
Sources expected in the future Nature Funds from the Netherlands
Annual budget (USD)

Conclusion Describe how the management framework outlined above is adequate to achieve the ecological and socio-economic objectives that were established for the site (Guidelines and Criteria Section C/V).

All departments have their own staff and volunteers and a weekly set of objectives to accomplish. There is sufficient manpower to do this when interns and volunteers are included. Because of this interns and volunteers are recruited year round and months in advance so that there are no gaps in personnel.

All work is carried out under the supervision of a designated area ranger who is knowlegable as to the tasks required to carry out daily duties.