St Eustatius National Marine Park

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Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION

f - Impacts and threats affecting the area

Impacts and threats within the area


Impact and threats level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing limited stable stable Panulirus argus, Strombus gigas coral reef, algae covered rubble, seagrass beds artisanal fisheries
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture significant stable decrease all scleractinain corals coral reef roaming livestock reduce vegetation, increase erosion, run off and sedimentation into reef habitat
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism very important stable increase all scleractinian corals coral reef minor physical damage from divers
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited not specified not specified no large industry other than oil transhipment
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited not specified not specified minimal forestry exploitation
Increased population limited stable stable all areas of marine park all areas of marine park increasing population with limited capacity for garbage collection, wastewater treatment, etc
Invasive alien species very important increase increase native fish and seagrass populations all areas of marine park Lionfish, Halophila stipulacata
Pollution very important stable stable all areas of marine park all areas of marine park large oil transshipment facility on island
Other limited not specified not specified none

Impacts and threats around the area


Impact and threats Level Evolution In the short term Evolution In the long term Species affected Habitats affected Description / comments
Exploitation of natural ressources: Fishing limited not specified not specified see above
Exploitation of natural ressources: Agriculture limited not specified not specified see above
Exploitation of natural ressources: Tourism limited not specified not specified see above
Exploitation of natural ressources: Industry limited not specified not specified see above
Exploitation of natural ressources: Forest products limited not specified not specified see above
Increased population limited not specified not specified increasing world population
Invasive alien species limited not specified not specified see above
Pollution limited not specified not specified see above
Other limited not specified not specified none