St Eustatius National Marine ParkNote: The data were entered in the language of the country of origin (English, French or Spanish) and there is no translation available yet.
Chapter 3. SITE DESCRIPTION
d - Human population and current activities
Inhabitants inside the area or in the zone of potential direct impact on the protected area:
|Inside the area||In the zone of potential direct impact|
|Inhabitants||not given||not given||3500||275|
Comments about the previous table:
Description of population, current human uses and development:
There are about 29 fishermen on St. Eustatius, 15 of which fish full time. Considering the small size of the island’s economy this is a significant sector of employment. The income that is generated by the fisheries sector is invested back into the St. Eustatius economy, since all the fishermen are locals. Taxes and income are generated from sales of fuel, two stroke oil, fishing gear, spare parts and engines. Such associated economic activities are also significant contributors to the island economy. The Spiny Lobster (Panulirus argus) fishery is without doubt the most important fishery on the island. The total lobster catch for 2003 was estimated to be 4 tons, which represents a gross value of 100,000 NAf (approximately US$56,000) (Dilrosun, 2004). Recent monitoring of landings estimate that in 2012/2013 about 5 tons of lobster was caught.
The contribution of tourism to the economy of St Eustatius is unknown. Since the year 2000 the number of divers and yachts visiting the marine park have approximately doubled. This provides income for many of the services on St Eustatius, including hotels, restaurants and shops. In 2006 1052 divers registered with STENAPA and 835 yachts visited the island. July and December are consistently the most popular times for visitors to come to the island as shown in Figure 14.
|Activities||Current human uses||Possible development||Description / comments, if any|
|Tourism||limited||increase||There are currently several plans under consideration for more hotels and resorts.|
|Fishing||limited||stable||There are currently 29 registered artisanal fisherman on the island|
|Agriculture||significant||stable||There is a large problem with free roaming livestock destroying vegetation and increasing erosion|
|Industry||significant||stable||There is a large oil transshipment facility on the island and a large number of oil tankers anchoring in the marine park|
|Forestry||absent||stable||occasionally individuals will cut certain trees for use in making fish traps.|
|Others||not specified||not specified|
e - Other relevant features
The main industrial activity on St Eustatius takes place at the oil transhipment facility located immediately south of the northern marine reserve on the West coast and which has been in operation since 1982. Known as Statia Terminals NV, the venture expanded in 1993. The storage facility can be hired and is mainly used for oil being transported from the Middle East to the USA. It operates 50 storage tanks with a capacity of approximately 11 million barrels (1.75 million m3). The terminal has a jetty which serves two smaller tankers at a time and other berths include three floating barges, a floating hose station, floating dock and single point mooring for super tankers (at a depth of 65 meters (212 ft), making it one of the deepest installations in the world). The terminal has a product flow rate of up to 90,000 barrels (14,300 cubic meters) per hour to or from a ship (www.cbi.com).
Over 10% of the population of St . Eustatius work for/with Statia Terminals. 120 people are
employed by Statia Terminals NV, with a further 350 being employed by contractors associated with the terminal. The most recent figures available for the fourth quarter 1999 reported that Statia Terminals International N.V. an operating cash flow, of $7.8 million.